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Discover Iran

Iran is located in the Middle East, bounded by Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, Iraq and Turkey

The center and east of the country is largely barren desert with mountainous regions in the west. Tehran, the capital, is essentially a busy and modern city, but the best of the old has been preserved

 

 Iran has maintained a distinct cultural identity within the Islamic world by retaining its own language and adhering to the Shi’a interpretation of Islam. As a unique Islamic Republic, Iran is ruled by both supreme leaders and elected presidents

 

 Location
Middle East

Area
1,648,043 sq km (636,313 sq miles

Population
65.4 million (CIA estimate 2007

Population Density
39.7 per sq km

Capital
Tehran
Population: 7.2 million (UN estimate 2003

Government
Islamic Republic since 1979

Language
Persian (Farsi) and Persian dialects are the most widely spoken language, used by 58% of the population. Turkic and Turkic dialects and Kurdish are also used

Religion

Of the 98% Muslim population, 89% are Shi’a and 9% are Sunni. The remaining 2% consists of Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian faiths

Time
GMT + 3.5

Electricity
230 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the round two-pin type

 

Persian (Iran Islamic)English (United Kingdom)

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