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Discover Iran

Iran is located in the Middle East, bounded by Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea, Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Oman, Iraq and Turkey

The center and east of the country is largely barren desert with mountainous regions in the west. Tehran, the capital, is essentially a busy and modern city, but the best of the old has been preserved


 Iran has maintained a distinct cultural identity within the Islamic world by retaining its own language and adhering to the Shi’a interpretation of Islam. As a unique Islamic Republic, Iran is ruled by both supreme leaders and elected presidents


Middle East

1,648,043 sq km (636,313 sq miles

65.4 million (CIA estimate 2007

Population Density
39.7 per sq km

Population: 7.2 million (UN estimate 2003

Islamic Republic since 1979

Persian (Farsi) and Persian dialects are the most widely spoken language, used by 58% of the population. Turkic and Turkic dialects and Kurdish are also used


Of the 98% Muslim population, 89% are Shi’a and 9% are Sunni. The remaining 2% consists of Christian, Jewish, and Zoroastrian faiths

GMT + 3.5

230 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the round two-pin type


Persian (Iran Islamic)English (United Kingdom)